Canvas Rider 2

Carl Orff

Carl Orff

Listen Carl Orff songs and lyrics from youtube   classical opera german contemporary classical composers
Listen Carl Orff songs and lyrics from youtube Carl Orff (10th July 1895–29th March 1982) was a German composer, most famous for his Carmina Burana (1937), and an important and influential music educator. Orff was born in Munich and came from a Bavarian family that was very active in the German military. His father's regimental band supposedly often played the compositions of the young Orff. He studied at the Munich Academy of Music until 1914, then served in the military during World War I. Afterwards he held various positions at opera houses in Mannheim and Darmstadt, later to return to Munich to further pursue his musical studies. From 1925 Orff was the head of a department and co-founder of the Guenther School for gymnastics, music, and dance in Munich, where he worked with musical beginners. Having constant contact with children, this is where he developed his theories in music education. While Orff's association, or lack thereof, with the Nazi party has never been conclusively established, his Carmina Burana was hugely popular in Nazi Germany after its premiere in Frankfurt in 1937, receiving numerous performances (although one Nazi critic reviewed it savagely as "degenerate", implying a connection with the contemporaneous, and infamous, exhibit of Entartete Kunst). He was one of the few German composers under the Nazi regime who responded to the official call to write new music for A Midsummer Night's Dream, after the music of Felix Mendelssohn had been banned, which in itself suggests where his sympathies lay; others refused to cooperate in this. Orff was a personal friend of Kurt Huber, one of the founders of the resistance movement Die Weiße Rose (the White Rose), and who was condemned to death by the Volksgerichtshof and executed by the Nazis in 1943. After World War II, Orff claimed that he was a member of the group, and was himself involved in the resistance, but there was no evidence for this other than his own word, and other sources dispute his claim). Orff is buried in the Baroque church of the beer-brewing Benedictine priory of Andechs, south of Munich. Orff is best known for Carmina Burana (1937), a "scenic cantata". It is the first of a trilogy, Trionfi, which also includes Catulli Carmina and Trionfo di Afrodite. These compositions reflected his interest in medieval German poetry. Together the trilogy is called Trionfi, meaning "triumphs". The work was based on a thirteenth-century erotic verse written by the Goliards, found in a manuscript dubbed the Codex latinus monacensis, which had been discovered in a Bavarian monastery in 1803. The term "Goliards" was often used to describe students who wrote secular verse in the Middle Ages. While "modern" in some of his compositional techniques, Orff was able to capture the spirit of the medieval period in this trilogy, with infectious rhythms and easy tonalities. The mediaeval poems were written in an early form of German and Latin. With the success of Carmina Burana, Orff orphaned all of his previous works except for Catulli Carmina and the En trata, which were rewritten until acceptable by Orff. He was reluctant to call any of his works simply operas. For example, he called Der Mond ("The Moon") (1939) a "Märchenoper" or Fairytale Opera, and placed Die Kluge ("The Wise Woman") (1943) in the same category. About his Antigone (1949), Orff said specifically that it was not an opera, rather a Vertonung, a "musical setting" of the ancient tragedy. The text is a German translation, by Friedrich Hölderlin, of the Sophocles play of the same name. The orchestration relies heavily on the percussion section, and is otherwise fairly simple. Orff's last work, De Temporum Fine Comoedia ("A Play of the End of Time"), had its premiere at the Salzburg music festival on 20th August 1973, performed by Herbert von Karajan and the Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra and Chorus. In this highly personal work, Orff presented a mystery play, in which he summarised his view on the end of time, sung in Greek, German, and Latin.

Popular Tracks

1
13623
2
5219
3
4505
4
4224
5
2934
6
2679
7
2455
8
2394
9
2202
10
1988
11
1986
12
1963
13
1668
14
1580
15
1568
16
1533
17
1501
18
1453
19
1432
20
1426
21
1420
22
1374
23
1286
24
1265
25
1159
26
1150
27
1007
28
986
29
828
30
828
31
790
32
731
33
694
34
642
35
620
36
602
37
582
38
568
39
508
40
498
41
471
42
465
43
446
44
437
45
409
46
388
47
338
48
332
49
331
50
321
51
315
52
309
53
302
54
294
55
292
56
292
57
290
58
280
59
276
60
274
61
269
62
264
63
262
64
252
65
247
66
242
67
223
68
222
69
214
70
208
71
199
72
183
73
181
74
181
75
174
76
172
77
171
78
166
79
159
80
155
81
152
82
151
83
146
84
146
85
143
86
143
87
142
88
140
89
139
90
137
91
136
92
133
93
132
94
130
95
127
96
125
97
123
98
120
99
115
100
112
English  |  Русский